Test certification Scrum n°7 (14) : 35 questions

octobre 26, 2015

Practice test (35 questions and answers)

1) What happens when a product backlog item fails to meet the definition of « done » at the end of the sprint?
A-The team completes the product backlog item during the next sprint.
B-The incomplete backlog item is placed back in the product backlog.
C-The ScrumMaster points out the person to blame for the item not being finished.
D-The team is given 36 hours to finish the incomplete product backlog item.

2) Agile is all about response to change. That, why during a sprint, if the product owner thinks of a new feature, he can add it to the sprint backlog.
A- True
B- False


3) What does Scrum advise a team to do with the product backlog items it chooses to bring into the sprint?
A-The team should break each product backlog item into tasks and estimate each task in terms of effort.
B-The product owner assigns each product backlog item to the specialist best suited to carry the work.
C-The team asks the ScrumMaster to research the product backlog items and decide who should work on each one.
D-The team doesn’t do anything with the product backlog items. Scrum doesn,t use tasks or task lists.


4) Once a project is underway, what shall the approach to planning be?
A-Should be able to demonstrate control of its progress
B-Should have no control over its progress
C-Is always out of control
D-Is controlled by the velocity of the most junior team member


5) The Agile Manifesto states which of the following values:
A-People are more important than contracts
B-Working software should have priority over comprehensive documentation
C-Plans should have priority over ability to respond
D-Contracts should be negotiated which allow control over the people


6) Which of the following are attributes of a Scrum team?
A- Courage to change and adapt
B- Trust of fellow team members to do the work
C- Responsiveness to change
D- All of these


7) The product owner must be present during at least the first half of sprint planning meeting.
A- True
B- False


8) How could you benefit from having an End User Representative (Product Owner) in your development team?
A- End users should NOT be in the development team. Requirements are always communicated to the developers by the Product Owner, who is part of the customer team
B- The End User Representative (Product Owner) will be solely responsible for acceptance tests within the team
C- The End User Representative (Product Owner) assures that user stories are documented properly
D- The End User Representative (Product Owner) will be able to clearly tell the developers what will work for an end user


9) How could maintainability of the developing product be improved in a development team?
A- Apply standard design patterns
B- Make refactoring a common practice
C- All of these
D- Ensure unit testing is included


10) A sustainable pace means ……
A- If the team members work long hours regularly they will get used to it, and be able to sustain it
B- A 40 hour week is only for the weaker members of the team. Others can do more.
C- The team should establish a velocity which can be sustained within normal working hours
D- Working long hours is the only way to deliver on time


11) The reason for regular Retrospectives is:
A- It allows the team to take a necessary break from work
B- It allows learning which can be used to improve team performance during the project
C- It prevents deviation from the process which the team has been following
D- It gives management information to use in team member’s performance reviews


12) What is one responsibility difference between a Project Manager and a Scrum Master in a Scrum project?
A- None. It’s basically the same. Scrum Master is just a better term thanProject Manager in a Scrum project
B- The Project Manager creates the detailed delivery plans while the Scrum Master monitors execution within the team
C- Project Manager communicates with project governance authorities when necessary
D- The Project Manager monitors the realization of benefits in the business case.


13) Who can be invited to the sprint review meeting?
A- Only The team.
B- The team, ScrumMaster, and The product owner only.
C- The product owner and up to two invited guests.
D- The team, ScrumMaster, product owner, any anyone else who’s interested.


14) When an Agile team succeeds ……
A- It should be encouraged to celebrate success only when the project is over
B- It should be encouraged to celebrate even small successes immediately
C- It should not celebrate success, as this wastes project budget
D- It should not celebrate success, as this makes less successful teams feel bad


15) What is the primary purpose of the sprint Burndown chart?
A- To show, at a glance, how many hours have been spent during the sprint.
B- To show, at a glance, who is behind in completing their tasks?
C- To show, at a glance, the amount of work remaining during a sprint.
D- To show, at a glance, whether team members are working at fully capacity.


16) When handling team dynamics, the ScrumMaster should ……
A- Empower the team members, within appropriate limits
B- Encourage an environment of competition and personal advantage
C- Give clear directives to the team about what they should do and how
D- Expect team members to be proactive and each work to their own priorities and objectives


17) If a new requirement emerges once a Scrum project is running, it should be:
A- Automatically included in the work of the project
B- Automatically excluded and left until a later project or increment
C- Assessed for importance and, if sufficiently important to the business, included in the project, displacing less important requirements
D- Put on the backlog for consideration by the wider group of stakeholders after the project has been completed


18) What do all Agile approaches have in common?
A- A prescribed, fixed iteration (timebox) length
B- Iterative development and incremental delivery
C- A strict focus on on-time delivery
D- A large set of clearly defined roles


19)  The leadership style of a ScrumMaster is …..
A- Directive
B- Assertive
C- Facilitative
D- Feature-based


20) The working culture of a Scrum team is …..
A- Collective
B- Collaborative
C- Connective
D- Contemplative


21) A line in the Agile Manifesto reads, « ____________ over following a plan ».
A- Communicating frequently
B- Completing requirements
C- Asking the customer
D- Responding to change


22) What are the 3 main questions that each team member asked to answer at the daily scrum?
A- What did I do yesterday?
B- What will I do today?
C- What impediments are in my way?
D- Who didn’t pull his weight yesterday?
E- Is the ScrumMaster doing a good job?


23) The Scrum way of doing things is:
A- To produce working product of the right quality, early and incrementally
B- To produce working product after documentation has been signed off
C- To produce simple prototypes early, but no finished product until the end of the project
D- To produce products without technical integrity, but re-engineer later


24) Which of the following is the best descriptionf or the product backlog items that are lower in priority?
A- Every product backlog item. Even those very low in priority. Should be defined well enough to be completed during a sprint.
B- All product backlog items are fully defined in the requirements and design phase.
C- Lower priority backlog items are coarse grained and should be progressively refined as their priority increases.
D- Lower priority backlog items are kept in a separate product backlog.


25) Which of the following best describes what happens in the sprint, according to the Burndown chart below?

A- The team is at risk of having items in the sprint.
B- The team is at risk of having items incomplete at the end of the sprint. The team may need to consider making an adjustment.
C- The team is on track to complete all the items in the sprint early. If the trend continues, they may need to add scope.
D- The team is trending toward a late release. They should negotiate a new deadline.


26) The responsibilities of a Product Owner will include ……
A- Business processes diagramming
B- Prioritizing requirements
C- Managing the project budget
D- All of these


27) Once a project is underway, what shall be the approach to planning?
A- Plans should never be changed
B- It is normal to need to plan and re-plan as the project progresses
C- Plans should only be changed with full approval of all stakeholders
D- Plans are not required as Agile is incremental


28) You have been engaged as the Technical Coordinator in a product development team. The Product Owner and the Scrum Master are happy because the team always delivers business value on time. However, you worry that the technical debt is increasing. What would be your primary goal to ensure the right quality?
A- Ensure testers define their entry criteria for quality, which they impose on the development team
B- Nothing. Prescribed roles such as technical coordinators are not part of an Agile team
C- On time delivery and happy end users are the only quality measures in Agile development
D- Make sure that the maintainability quality attribute is addressed


29) An Agile project should have …
A- Occasional early deliveries, if the business is prepared to accept lower quality
B- A regular pattern of delivery of developer-focused products
C- A regular pattern of delivery of business-valued increments
D- An irregular and unpredictable delivery of products


30) What is the primary purpose of the sprint retrospective?
A- To uncover ways to work better as a team.
B- To find the person responsible for the sprints failure.
C- To give the ScrumMaster the opportunity to hold employee reviews.
D- To give the product owner an opportunity to complain about the teams lack of progress.


31) In order to communicate well, the Agile project should …
A- Keep team-size large, to avoid stakeholders feeling left out
B- Break the project into small, mixed-skill, self-organizing teams
C- Operate with one team of less than 10 people
D- Operate with separate customer, developer and test teams


32) Agile is all about responding quickly to change. That’s why a product owner can add or subtract feature from the product backlog or even change their priority at any time.
A- True
B- False


33) Agile methods are described as « adaptive » because…
A- Agile teams have the empowerment to frequently respond to change and to learn on a project by changing the plan
B- The rate of development progress on an Agile project is constantly tracked to allow adaptation
C- Project Managers are not needed in Agile methods because teams are self-organizing
D- Workshops held at the beginning and the end of every iteration (timebox) allow the team to adapt the product specification


34) The ScrumMaster is the manager of the Scrum team. All team members report to the ScrumMaster.
A- True
B- False


35)  A Burndown chart shows ……
A- The energy level and velocity of the team
B- The remaining work (effort, points) to complete before the Sprint end
C- The number of hours worked by each team member during the Sprint
D- The rate of spending of the budget for a project


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